Transcribed by Norma Knotts Shaffer from microfilm
of the Calhoun Chronicle dated 3/11/1913.
Some Old History of Oil and Gas
A few facts concerning the oil and gas industry:
In 1806, Joseph and David Ruffner drilled the first well in which any
kind of drive pipe had ever been used. The well was located five
miles southeast of Charleston and was drilled for salt water.
In 1815, the first gas well of any note was drilled at Clendenin Block
House, on what is now Kanawha street, Charleston, by Captain James Wilson.
Gas was struck at 500 feet. The well soon filled up as he was seeking
salt water and changed the location.
In 1820, rope was being made in the United States.
In 1824, the first gas pipe for illuminating purposes was used at Fredonia,
N.Y., on the occasion of Lafayette's visit to that town.
In 1828, the manner of drilling with a single bull rope, was invented
by Charles Reynolds and first used at the Burning Spring salt well on the
Little Kanawha river.
In 1843, William Smith, of Pittsburg, invented the first iron pipe for
In 1841, William Thompson used the first gas in manufacturing.
In 1857, the first kerosene was made and its anesthetic properties discovered.
In 1860. Crude oil was worth $20 per barrel.
In 1864 the first carbon black was made and sold by C. Wright.